Measuring, governing and gaining support for sustainable bioenergy supply chains


Project summaries:

  1. Overall project summary:Main findings and recommendations
  2. Summary of Objective 1: Methods and tools to assess the sustainability of biomass and bioenergy supply chains
  3. Summary of Objective 2:Approach to creating trust in sustainability of bioenergy through effective goverance
  4. Summary of Objective 3:Understanding positions and underlying motivations of stakeholder groups relative to their perceptions of bioenergy

Publications of Objective 1:

Publications of Objective 2:

Gan, J., Stupak, I. & Smith, C.T. Integrating policy, market, and technology for sustainability governance of agriculture-based biofuel and bioeconomic development in the USEnerg Sustain Soc 9, 43 (2019).

Thrän, D., Schaubach, K., Majer, S. et al. Governance of sustainability in the German biogas sector—adaptive management of the Renewable Energy Act between agriculture and the energy sectorEnerg Sustain Soc 10, 3 (2020).

Kittler, B., Stupak, I. & Smith, C.T. Assessing the wood sourcing practices of the U.S. industrial wood pellet industry supplying European energy demandEnerg Sustain Soc 10, 23 (2020).

Publications of Objective 3:

Mai-Moulin, T., Fritsche, U.R. & Junginger, M. Charting global position and vision of stakeholders towards sustainable bioenergyEnerg Sustain Soc 9, 48 (2019).


Publications linked to the project:


IEA Bioenergy Task 43 (2019). International Workshop – Adequacy of Spatial Databases for Conducting Risk Assessments of Sustainable Wood Sourcing Practices of the U.S. Industrial Wood Pellet Industry Supplying European Energy Demand (1-3 May 2019), University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.


Berndes, G., et al. (2018). Forests, bioenergy and climate change mitigation: are the worries justified? Open Letter availablevia this link

Forests and the climate – manage for maximum wood production or leave the forest as a carbon sink? Conference, 12-13 March, 2018, Stockholm, Sweden. Documentation available via this link

Dale, V.H., Kline, K.L., Richard, T.L., Karlen, D.L., Belden, W.W. (2018). Bridging biofuel sustainability indicators and ecosystem services through stakeholder engagement. In a Special Issue on “Biofuels and Ecosystem Services”. Biomass & Bioenergy 114:143-156. More information can be found at:

Kline, K.L., Parish, E.S., and Dale, V.H. (2018). The importance of reference conditions in assessing effects of bioenergy wood pellets produced in the southeastern United States. World Biomass 2018-2019; p 82-86. DCM Productions, United Kingdom. More information can be found at:

Stupak, I., Smith, C.T. (2018). Feasibility of verifying sustainable forest management principles for secondary feedstock to produce wood pellets for co-generation of electricity in the Netherlands. IEA Bioenergy Task 43 TR2018-01, 54 pp. More information can be found at:


Cintas, O., Berndes, G., Cowie, A.L., (…), Marland, G., Ågren, G.I., Carbon balances of bioenergy systems using biomass from forests managed with long rotations: bridging the gap between stand and landscape assessments, 2017, GCB Bioenergy 9 (7), pp. 1238-1251. More information can be found at:

Cowie, A. et al. (2017) Response to Chatham House report “Woody Biomass for Power and Heat: Impacts on the Global Climate”. IEA Bioenergy, 13 March 2017. Open letter available via this link. Supporting document available via this linkKoponen, K., Soimakallio, S., Kline, K.L., Cowie, A., Brandão, M. Quantifying the climate effects of bioenergy – Choice of reference system, 2017, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. More information can be found at:

Dale, V.H,, Kline, K.L., et al. (2017) Status and prospects for renewable energy using wood pellets from the southeastern United States. GCB Bioenergy. The article can be found at:

Dale, V.H., Parish, E.S., Kline, K.L., Tobin, E. (2017) How is wood-based pellet production affecting forest conditions in the southeastern United States? Forest Ecology and Management 396: 143-149. More information can be found at:

de Jong, S., Antonissen, K., Hoefnagels, R., Lonza, L., Wang, M., Faaij, A., Junginger, M. (2017). Life-cycle analysis of greenhouse gas emissions from renewable jet fuel production. Biotechnology for Biofuels (2017). The article can be found at:

Duden, A.S., et al. (2017) Modelling the impacts of wood pellet demand on forest dynamics in southeastern United States. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. The article can be found at:

Englund, O., et al. (2017). A new high-resolution nation-wide aboveground carbon map for Brazil. Geo: Geography and Environment, DOI: 10.1002/geo2.45. More information can be found at:

Hanssen, S.V., et al. (2017) Wood pellets, what else? Greenhouse gas parity times of European electricity from wood pellets that are produced in the south-eastern United States using different softwood feedstocks. GCB Bioenergy. The article can be found at:

Nair, S., Hartley, D., S., et al. (2017): An Integrated Landscape Management Approach to Sustainable Bioenergy Production. Bioenergy Research. doi 10.1007/s12155-017-9854-3. More information can be found at:

Parish, E.S., Dale, V.H., Tobin, E., Kline, K.L. (2017). Dataset of timberland variables used to assess forest conditions in two Southeastern United States’ fuelsheds. Data in Brief 13: 278–290. More information can be found at:

Parish, E.S., Dale, V.H., Kline, K.L. (2017) Reference scenarios for evaluating wood pellet production in the Southeastern United States. WIREs Energy and Environment. e259. doi: 10.1002/wene.259. The article can be found at:

Parish, E.S., Dale, V.H., Kline, K.L. (2017). Has pellet production affected SE US forests? More information can be found at:


Berndes, G., et al. (2016). Forest biomass, carbon neutrality and climate change mitigation. From Science to Policy 3. European Forest Institute. More information can be found here

Nordborg, M., et al.  (2016). Challenges in developing regionalized characterization factors in land use impact assessment: impacts on ecosystem services in case studies of animal protein production in Sweden.  The online version of this article (doi: 10.1007/s11367-016-1158-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.